When fishing on reservoirs, lakes and river creeks from spring ice, I approach the matter in a comprehensive manner, namely, I do not concentrate on catching one kind of fish, but looking for points where different large fish can come out: roach, bream, perch, silver bream and others. To do this, you need to have different types of fishing rods in the fishing box and prepare the bait correctly.
In the spring, after prolonged oxygen starvation, the fish begins to revive, as it were, and moves more through the reservoir. It can make both close and distant migrations – depending on the weather conditions, a decrease or increase in the water level, etc. In March, in the same feeding points, which are comfortable for habitation, flocks of bream, scavenger, perch, roach, silver bream, pike perch, bersh, and sometimes you can also catch other predators along the way: burbot, medium-sized pike.
Catching bastard, perch and roach
On the spring ice, a pattern of fishing interspersed with a variety of fish, for example, could often be observed in the long bay of the Yauzsky reservoir (approach from the side of the village of Staroe Ustinovo), where there are many well-known catch zones in the area of the so-called First, Second or Third snags.
I fished regularly in this bay, choosing the fishing area depending on the weather conditions of the spring period, as well as relying on the opinion and success of the anglers. Here, flocks of perch and roach often feed side by side on irrigations, often near a snag.
Sometimes the outcrops of these fish can be found very close to a wooded or reed bank, if there is at least a small drop off from it. By the way, the search for perch and roach in almost all reservoirs near Moscow is often carried out by irrigation along the wall of the reeds. A rod with a thin whip and a large open reel is most convenient for search fishing.
Sometimes, I was guided by catching a scourge (and he is big here in spring) and chose a place taking into account the bottom relief and depths suitable for day and night fishing. But it turned out that near the bream zone flocks of large roach and perch were spinning, and a little further a large pike was feeding, which, along the way, could be caught with girders exposed in the shallowest waters.
I remember I drilled holes in a dug deep irrigation near a flooded channel and fed the bream. The dimensions of my fishing zone, stretched along the channel, were approximately 100 × 60 m. I drilled holes at a distance of 10–20 m (and sometimes more). He fed some of them, and then walked around with a non-nosed “devil”.
The fact is that a large borer in the most unexpected places often takes a no-bait bait. Sometimes I only switched to lure holes. Then he took a fishing rod with a suitable medium-sized jig, designed for fishing at a depth of 6–8 m, and fished with a nozzle of 3–5 large bloodworms.
The large breeder kept at 6–8 m, but was absent at a shallower depth. On the other hand, on the edge of the irrigation (closest to the shore) at 5–6 m in well-fed holes, sometimes large roach took well. Moreover, it rarely went out to depths of more than 6 m, and at depths over 7 m generally pecked occasionally: obviously, it was replaced by the bream standing here. Along the way, he took perch with roach.
Then I somehow got over the flooded channel to the opposite irrigation and, having walked a little along the depths from 4.5 to 6 m, I also soon found a roach, which was pecking constantly with bait. Therefore, I concluded that in spring, depending on the characteristics of the reservoir, the roach often adheres to certain depths.
In this regard, I was once surprised that at the end of March at the Ozerninskoye reservoir everyone was fishing for measured roach in a coastal pit from a depth of 8–9 m. Here they also took perch. Such a picture is often observed in the spring and on the Nagatinsky backwater of the Moskva River, where, by the way, in the same points, large bream, and roach, and perch are caught alternately.
It should be borne in mind that bream can stand near the lured holes and not feed, but at the same time displace other fish from the zone, such as roach, silver bream, perch. On the Yauzsky reservoir, and on the Ruzsky, Istrinsky, it happened more than once, when a large bream or bream stopped pecking, silver bream, roach, and perch began to show themselves in the same holes. They came across the same models of jigs.
In order to successfully catch different fish in the same area, sometimes you do not need to go far. It happened that the outputs of different fish (albeit not in such quantities) occurred even at the Pirogov reservoir, closest to Moscow. Here we caught last year not far from the village of Sorokino. After a long wandering on the ice and drilling many holes, we finally came across a flock of large roach near berth 95.
She stood at a depth of about 6 m, away from the pier (obviously, here the old flooded channel of the Klyazma approaches the coast). After feeding several paired holes, I began to most successfully fish at one point with two nodding jig rods – one for the game, the other for the “standing”. I caught about two dozen measured roach. When the bite was over, my friend stayed on the holes, and I went with a jig to look for luck in the Sorokinsky Bay.
There I successfully caught a medium-sized perch, and when I returned to a friend, a 600-gm breeder accidentally pecked on one of my lure holes. We had enough fodder bloodworms. We mixed it with Minenko bait (winter, bream), fed several holes and stayed overnight. And it was only at night that the bastard showed himself properly: each of us caught several worthy specimens practically in the same place where we fished for roach.
At the same time, we did not use tents. Towards the end of March, when the nights are calm and not so frosty, and the sky is strewn with bright stars, it is quite possible to do without a tent. In such cases, I use an LED flashlight mounted on a small tripod, which illuminates well the place of fishing and which, together with a stand, is easy to carry when moving from hole to hole.
And you have to go a lot when fishing for bream at night. When you fish in a tent, a bream that comes up will bite for a short time, and then it leaves for a long time. Then you either sleep or leave the tent and walk along pre-drilled holes with a jig. And the search is justified: somewhere a large bream or bream will appear.
But it is very important when fishing for bream at night to play the most delicate game and try different versions of the game on each hole: at the very bottom; to rise from the bottom up to 0.5–1 m; for lowering from 0.5–1 m; on a motionless jig at the very bottom. Only when you have tested all the options for the game, you need to move to another hole. Bream, especially large bream, often tracks the movements of the jig, but it does not always bite, but only when these movements coincide as much as possible with the vibrations of the food organisms.
If you fish at night without a tent, it is better to have a raincoat with you. Then, when the breeze blows, knocking down the nod game, there will be an opportunity, sitting on the box, to spread the ends of the raincoat along the legs and hide the nod from the wind. A raincoat-tent made of military cork (lightweight rubberized fabric) is very convenient in this regard. It is necessary that the raincoat-tent, when you are standing, reach the heels, then in a sitting position it is more convenient to cover the tackle from the wind with it.
Fishing for bream and silver bream
As already mentioned, a large bream or bream, standing in the stern, does not admit smaller fish. He does not let him near himself and the brew. But in a bream place you usually feed several holes at once, located at a distance of 5–20 m from each other.
It should be taken into account that when the bream is eating food, if the lured points are close, the flock of bream or breeder can move to another feeding place (sometimes, having eaten, the flock simply moves aside). Then, in the presence of the silver bream, it immediately swoops down on the remains of the feed and grabs the nozzle.
By the way, it is also interesting to hunt for silver bream, and on some reservoirs it can be quite weighty. I catch her on lure holes with both float and nod gear. Often in the double holes I have one float and the other nod. But if the bottom has a large load of silt, then for catching silver bream (as well as roach) it is imperative to use a nod, since it keeps the nozzle from sinking into the silt.
When fishing with float tackle, this is difficult to achieve, since the weight falls into the silt. However, large bream and bream are caught on float rigs even on a heavily silted bottom, since this fish, when it approaches, snatches bait out of soft soil with its muzzle.
By the way, when catching cautious fish, a 3-centimeter leash with the smallest hook, placed above the jig, often helps out: on it, silver bream or roach captures bloodworms much more boldly than on the hook of the jig. In the spring, using such a rig, I have more than once successfully caught a silver bream with a small piece of an ordinary earthworm. I remember once it was at the Vazuz reservoir near the village of Karmanovo. I went out into a narrow area with a small current and ended up on a dense flock of silver bream. The bites were pretty solid and the catch was substantial.
If the silver bream has approached, then you need to switch to the thinnest possible rig, then it is easier to take the fish. In such cases I use 0.08 mm line and a very sensitive nod; I take a jig with the minimum mass, which allows you to fish at a depth of 6–8 m.
The bites of the silver bream are tender, rather boring: she nods, but not clearly. Often it takes from the bottom only on a stationary jig, but at the same time the tackle (unlike bream fishing) must be constantly held in hand, otherwise you will be late with the hook.
Gustera, like a breeder, bites better in frosty weather. It often happened that my friend and I fish on the holes very close to each other, but a large bream takes from one of them, and from the other exclusively silver bream. At the same time, we both “load” 6-8 bloodworms on the hook. And then the silver bream flutters his nerves great: he pulls the tail of one, another bloodworm. Suck it up and drop it. Then again you need to painstakingly shape the bait on the hook.
Here it is appropriate to say about a special bait, which is very rarely used by “bream” in winter, but it works effectively for various large fish, especially bream. On bream reservoirs, such as Vazuzskoe, Mozhaiskoe, Yauzskoe and some others, in order to be with a solid catch, it is advisable to feed them with clean forage bloodworms or bloodworms with unwashed bottom garbage.
But this feed is quite expensive, because in order to feed even 10-15 holes well and then regularly supplement it, a lot of bloodworms are required. In many reservoirs, bream has become so capricious that it reacts very weakly to a mixture of bloodworms with store-bought dry baits or bread crumbs. But it is suitable for pure bloodworms or mixed with bottom debris.
I tested the method of feeding bream with a washed forage bloodworm mixed with soil taken from under the turf in the summer. Such earth smells like a worm, and this smell is familiar to bream. Bloodworms must be mixed with dry soil and lowered in the feeder to the bottom. If the ground contains peat particles, they will form an attractive cloudy suspension at the bottom when wet. Ground bait is more suitable for catching large “white” fish, but perch is also suitable for it. It is necessary that there be at least 20% of bloodworms in the ground.
Fishing for bream and burbot
When fishing for bream at night, in some parts of reservoirs, a burbot can be taken on a nod or float rod. So once my friend and I were fishing at the exit from the Dorofeevsky Bay, in the Dubna area. We sat down under the wall, where from 6 m there was a sharp drop to 9 m.
There is a flooded riverbed in this place, and here we caught a bastard until spring, when the ice was reliable. More than once it happened that together with the weighty podleschikov, a burbot was caught on a brush of bloodworms at night, and at one o’clock in the morning, two burbots were taken at once on float rods, and one per 1.5 kg.
This place is quite popular among the “breeders”. True, once we were frightened on reliable ice when at night, 50 m from the tents, an icebreaker with headlights unexpectedly passed in the direction of the Technical Bay. Therefore, in the spring, wherever you fish, you always need to be very vigilant, and it is better not to fish close to the current at all.
By the way, when burbot begins to come across, then on it a little further from the bream place, you can put supplies with a fish lowered to the bottom (perch, roach, ruff). Some also try to tap the bottom with a jig head with a hooked ruff or a bunch of worms, this sometimes works.
As for the complex fishing for bream, pike perch and bersh, I will try to talk about this in another article.